Section 107: Offences: Criminal liability for making or dealing with infringing articles, &c.

Section 106 Index Section 107A

107.— (1) A person commits an offence who, without the licence of the copyright owner—
  • (a) makes for sale or hire, or
  • (b) imports into the United Kingdom otherwise than for his private and domestic use, or
  • (c) possesses in the course of a business with a view to committing any act infringing the copyright, or
  • (d) in the course of a business—
    • (i) sells or lets for hire, or
    • (ii) offers or exposes for sale or hire, or
    • (iii) exhibits in public, or
    • (iv) distributes, or
  • (e) distributes otherwise than in the course of a business to such an extent as to affect prejudicially the owner of the copyright,
an article which is, and which he knows or has reason to believe is, an infringing copy of a copyright work.

(2) A person commits an offence who—
  • (a) makes an article specifically designed or adapted for making copies of a particular copyright work, or
  • (b) has such an article in his possession,
knowing or having reason to believe that it is to be used to make infringing copies for sale or hire or for use in the course of a business.
(2A) A person who infringes copyright in a work by communicating the work to the public -
  • (a) in the course of a business, or
  • (b) otherwise than in the course of a business to such an extent as to affect prejudicially the owner of the copyright,
commits an offence if he knows or has reason to believe that, by doing so, he is infringing copyright in that work.

(3) Where copyright is infringed (otherwise than by reception of a communication to the public)—
  • (a) by the public performance of a literary, dramatic or musical work, or
  • (b) by the playing or showing in public of a sound recording or film,
any person who caused the work to be so performed, played or shown is guilty of an offence if he knew or had reason to believe that copyright would be infringed.

(4) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) (a), (b), (d) (iv) or (e) is liable—
  • (a) on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;
  • (b) on conviction on indictment to a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years, or both.
(4A) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2A) is liable -
  • (a) on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;
  • (b) on conviction on indictment to a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.

(5) A person guilty of any other offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or both.

(6) Sections 104 to 106 (presumptions as to various matters connected with copyright) do not apply to proceedings for an offence under this section; but without prejudice to their application in proceedings for an order under section 108 below.